January 24, 2023 |

Basel 4: What You Need to Know About Forthcoming Changes

basel 4

Basel 4 is the fourth Basel Accord, a set of international banking regulations put forth by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) designed to ensure banks have enough capital on hand to cover their risks by limiting volatility and variance in banks’ capital calculations, making outcomes more comparable across banks worldwide.

The changes are the result of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision’s belief that current regulations are not adequate in today’s financial environment. Implementation began on January 1, 2023, with a five-year timeline for banks to comply. Banks that do not comply by the 2028 deadline run the risk of closure or acquisition.

Michael S. Barr of the American Enterprise Institute speaks to the effect of banking panics and customer withdrawals we’ve seen in the past:

“Based on this experience—and similar experiences around the globe—many countries employ deposit insurance and other forms of a safety net to protect depositors and banks. But offering this protection, shielding depositors and banks from risk, can have the perverse effect of encouraging risk-taking, creating what is called “moral hazard.” Supervision and regulation—including capital regulation—provides a critical counterbalance, to ensure that banks, not the taxpayers, internalize the costs to society of that risk-taking.”1

What does this change mean for banks and small businesses?

Banks will be required to hold more capital under Basel 4. This could lead to higher lending rates and stricter lending criteria. For small businesses, this could make it more difficult to get a loan from a bank.

In the United States, businesses already face rising rates resulting from Federal Reserve rate hikes. We may see another rate hike between one-quarter to one-half a point come February 1, 2023. Although recent data indicated inflation saw a slight decline in November, apparently it was insufficient to satisfy the Fed.  

How will this impact the global economy?

Higher lending rates could lead to a slowdown in economic growth. And if small businesses find it more difficult to get loans, this could lead to job losses and further slowdown in economic growth.

Small businesses have had plenty of practice tightening their belts and coming up with creative solutions to everyday operational challenges throughout the pandemic. In a difficult economy, businesses look for ways to save money while retaining value. One way to reap the benefits of high-end inventory software without upfront costs and high monthly fees is by switching to SOS Inventory for comprehensive inventory, manufacturing, and order management control, an easy to use and implement solution designed with the small business owner in mind

1 FederalReserve.gov

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